JM 3 - THUNDERSTORM COUPLING TO THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE (IAMAS, IAGA)

Convenor - Colin Price
Co-convenors - Steven Cummer, Paula Fagundes, Andrew Collier

While thunderstorms occur in the troposphere, sensitive to conditions at the Earth's surface, their impact can expand through the stratosphere, mesosphere, ionosphere and into the magnetosphere.

This session focuses on this coupling between thunderstorms and the upper layers of the atmosphere.  This coupling could be dynamical (gravity and acoustic waves), electromagnetic (ELF/VLF waves, EMPs), electrostatic (sprites), chemical (NOx production, airglow emissions), or a combination (heating of the lower ionosphere). Furthermore, the EM energy couples through the lower ionosphere and into the upper ionosphere and magnetosphere. These topics are related to present and future satellite and ISS experiments.

We welcome papers on all aspects of the coupling between thunderstorms and the upper atmospheric layers.